What are the basics of rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation is care that can help you regain, maintain, or improve the skills you need for daily living. You may have lost them due to illness or injury, or as a side effect of medical treatment. The rehabilitation team or therapist sets short- and long-term goals for each problem. For example, a person with a hand injury may have a restricted range of motion and weakness.

Short-term goals may be to increase the range of motion by a certain amount and increase the grip strength by as many kilos. The long-term goal may be to play the piano again. Short-term goals are set to provide an immediate and achievable goal. Long-term goals are set to help people understand what to expect from rehabilitation and where they can expect to be in several months.

People are encouraged to achieve each goal in the short term, and the team closely monitors progress. Goals can be changed if people don't want or can't continue (financially or otherwise) or if they progress more slowly or quickly than expected. Rehabilitation is based on the philosophy that everyone has the right to be in charge of his or her health and that it also has an inherent value. This philosophy results in the point of view of each individual as an integral, holistic and unique entity.

This makes the rehabilitation team responsible for providing the necessary training, knowledge and skills to the person with disabilities to optimize, improve and maximize their independent role. The three main types of rehabilitation therapy are occupational, physical, and speech therapy. Each form of rehabilitation has a unique purpose of helping a person achieve full recovery, but all share the ultimate goal of helping the patient return to a healthy and active lifestyle. The first stage of recovery is to minimize further damage and let the body begin the healing process.

The body's first reaction to injury is inflammation and pain. The better you can regulate inflammation, control pain, and protect the injured body part to prevent further damage, we have begun the recovery process. While the specific rehabilitation exercises and methods you need will depend on the type and severity of your injury, the rehabilitation process itself can be divided into four basic stages. Read more, Occupational Therapy Occupational Therapy (OT) Occupational therapy, a component of rehabilitation, aims to improve a person's ability to perform basic self-care activities, useful work and leisure activities.